The Broadband Journey
In 2011 Ofcom estimated that only 3% of homes and businesses in East Sussex had access to superfast broadband (24+mbps), putting the county in the fourth quintile nationally. Private sector business plans were at that time estimated to extend coverage to only around 35%. This was due to a number of factors but predominantly the rural topology of some areas (high infrastructure cost), areas of deprivation (low demand) and the dispersed nature of the population across the county.
There are 64 exchanges in East Sussex. At that time, only one exchange (Uckfield) was enabled to deliver fibre with another 14 announced for upgrade by the private sector in 2012 (Crowborough, Peacehaven, Eastbourne, Hastings, Lewes, Seaford, Newhaven, Hailsham, Polegate, Pevensey, Bexhill, Baldslow, Hampden Park, Pevensey Marina). This left 49 exchanges to be tackled either through further private sector investment or public sector intervention. Subsequently, 4 further exchanges were announced for upgrade by the private sector (Battle, Rye, Castleham, Cooden), leaving the remainder in scope for public sector investment, ie in areas that the private sector considered financially unviable. In addition, investment in more urban areas was required to bridge gaps where the private sector did not invest previously, including business/industrial parks.
The eSussex project, led by East Sussex County Council in partnership with Brighton and Hove City Council, was developed to improve connectivity by investing in infrastructure. At that time, the Government set itself a target of 90% superfast coverage across the UK by 2016 with access to at least 2mbps for everyone, and made available £530m nationally. Following approval from ESCC’s Cabinet, a procurement which used a “call-off” from the Government’s Framework (BT Group and Fujitsu were named suppliers on the Framework), a contract was signed in May 2013 to deliver a 3 year programme of infrastructure improvements, using £22m of public funding.
Contract 1 completed deployment in 2016 on time, on budget and on target, having upgraded all remaining exchanges in the county. It connected 70,400 premises to fibre infrastructure with 56,200 of these at superfast speeds (24Mbps+).
Whilst the first project achieved excellent results in bringing better, more reliable fibre broadband to many areas that would not otherwise have benefitted from upgraded services, there remained properties that had not benefitted. Sometimes this is because properties are not always connected to the nearest street cabinet or indeed to any street cabinet (Exchange Only lines); or they are too far away from their nearest cabinet to benefit from a fibre upgrade (speeds degrade over very long copper length from the fibre cabinet back to the home/business). A second project was needed to help overcome these issues in order to further extend the reach of fibre broadband across the county and further increase speeds.
At the same time the Government had set itself a new target of providing superfast broadband coverage to 95% of the UK by the end of December 2017. In June 2015 ESCC signed a second contract, using a budget of £6m public funding covering East Sussex only. Again, a “call-off” from the Government’s procurement Framework was used, although this time only BT remained as a supplier, Fujitsu having withdrawn.
BT began deployment using £4m, having initially identified 5,300 premises to be covered. A further 2,600 premises were subsequently identified and were agreed by ESCC to be added into deployment using the entire budget available. Delivery, now making a total of 7,900 premises, was re-profiled. The second project was completed in 2019 on budget and on time, having connected a further 9,479 premises to fibre infrastructure with 7,026 of these at superfast speeds (24Mbps+)
ESCC signed a third contract with BT in February 2018, following an open procurement process (known as OJEU, Official Journal of the European Union) open to all telecoms suppliers.
BT was originally contracted to deliver 7,220 superfast premises by March 2020 and were required to carry out surveys in advance of any work, as opposed to quarterly as with previous contracts.
As expected, the survey work has led to changes needing to be made to the original contract, including the commercial terms. This process has been complex and time-consuming, with BT submitting many updated proposals following discussion and negotiation.
During this time, BT has continued to carry out work on the ground at their own risk, with over 600 premises connected to ultrafast (1000Mbps) broadband as a result.
In December 2021 changes to the contract were agreed by the County Council, Building Digital UK (BDUK) and BT. The contract will deliver 5609 premises with a revised completion date of September 2022. The changes have been necessary due to data updates and increased commercial coverage. Details can be found in the news section and on the postcode checker.
The Government has set clear, ambitious targets for the future of telecoms infrastructure (see https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/future-telecoms-infrastructure-review).
Following agreement of changes to contract 3, the County Council has been in discussion with BDUK on the Government's National Rural Gigabit Voucher Scheme. The Council has successfully passed through BDUK's formal pipeline process and assurance checks and has been approved to be a partner in the scheme, offering additional funding to top-up the Vouchers. Further information on the Top-up Voucher scheme can be found through this link:
Project Gigabit is the UK Government's plan to roll-out gigabit-capable broadband services from April 2023.
A 'gigabit capable connection' is a broadband service that can achieve at least 1000 megabit (1 gigabit) per second download speed.
Funding has been allocated to upgrade connections to properties that are not expected to receive a gigabit capable service from any planned upgrade programmes (such as those funded by commercial investment ), or properties that cannot currently access a superfast broadband service of at least 30mbps.
The nationwide project is led by Building Digital UK, (BDUK) and we'll be working with them to support the project in East Sussex. BDUK's latest updates can be found here:
Pre-procurement work has already started and BDUK anticipate that the formal procurement will start in August 2022, with contract commencement in July 2023. As part of the preparations, Building Digital UK carried out an Open Market Review (OMR) for East Sussex in October 2021 to identify premises that may be suitable for future public funding for gigabit-capable broadband.
BDUK subsequently carried out a Public Review in April 2022 seeking information and supporting evidence from the public, suppliers, businesses, internet service providers and broadband infrastructure operators in relation to the presence of gigabit-capable infrastructure within the project area.
The Council is also developing some ideas about how it can continue to invest in broadband infrastructure, including potentially using match-funding on local projects. We'll keep you updated as these plans develop.
The National Broadband Scheme State Aid decision asks for links to be provided to the latest Wholesale Passive & Access Product and Pricing lists from suppliers who have benefitted from the publicly-funded projects. Links to Openreach information can be found at: https://www.openreach.co.uk/cpportal/products/pricing